2014/III. szám - A felsőoktatás képe a társadalomban
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What do parents, secondary school students, the young without the chance to enter, the elderly, what do university graduates and students perceive from Hungarian higher education? It may seem straightforward that they have a positive picture of it as it is associated to traditional values like knowledge, intelligence, and culture. Many would regard tertiary education as an important pathway in social mobility. This positive view seems to be reflected in the still considerable competition for entering into higher education and the fact the elites still take university degree a must. Doctors, advocates, teachers, engineers as professionals need to have a diploma. But the picture of higher education has its shadows too. It may not provide reasonable standards of living for a young person and the acquired knowledge neither is seen essential in many cases. All different kinds of knowledge are reassessed today when diverse new information is taken every day. Lengthy training in higher education is not seen natural anymore in this high speed of information processing.
In our present issue we focus on the representation of higher education in the wider public. The opening interview with Zoltán Maruzsa the Deputy State Secretary for Higher Education outlines the principles of shifting policy focus from regulations to owner’s responsibility. He also speaks for the new higher education strategy of the government that is on its way to be finalized. The main reference points for understanding how the wider public perceives Hungarian higher education are set by an introduction to the focus section written by György Fábri and Lilla Koltói. Andrea Czakó analyzes the associations to “university diploma” and the popular beliefs in a national representative survey. She compares the image of those who have had firsthand experience with higher education to the other half of the respondents who did not have such experience. Annamária Dombi looks at the associations to “success” in relation to tertiary training from a social mobility perspective. Lilla Koltói examines the integration of students as an important condition to academic success and professional socialization in line with recent research trends. In our guest pages Gabriella Pusztai analyzes the learning environment as connected to study performance, Anikó Fehérvári explores the situation of academic staff in higher education institutions.
Higher education, as the scientific research community in general, will have to fight for the principles that shape its institutions and values to be accepted and evaluated in the future. It does not have an information monopoly anymore and it even has to strengthen its role as a true source of knowledge to prove its value for individuals and for the whole community. What image higher education may have in the wider public is an important and still under examined question. This present issue may help our Readers in formulating their own questions in the domain and even in reaching some preliminary answers to them.
- 1. Előszó, tartalom
- 2. Foreword