2011/I. szám - A demográfia súlya
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Thorough analysis of complex interdependencies is crucial in looking at long term processes of Hungarian Higher Education. Debates over a new HE legislation may have more popular points, but careful analysis of profound changes is essential for lasting national regulations and successful institutional strategies. Who will want to enter to tertiary education in 5-10 years? What social and job market demands should be accounted for? What is the likely international context for Hungarian higher education? How will the whole of the Hungarian HE sector change in response, and how will the institutions best reach their goals in this future context?
Unfortunate demographic trends result in continuous decrease of the secondary school age group, and this will affect the number of HE applicants negatively in the next 8-10 years. In our current issue, which focuses on demographic changes, our authors examine this and other factors affecting recruitment to HE. Small proportion of incoming students together with a possibly increasing number of Hungarians moving to foreign institutions is just another risk factor in that process. One of the analyses concludes that the massification of higher education is not only an international trend but it is supported by a rational choice of applicants-graduates, of employers and of the wider circle of stakeholders even if it leads to ‘overeducation'.
Hungarian higher education should be prepared to change in order to maintain its social functions and to exploit its full potentials. Two-third of the applicants are accepted to HE institutions, therefore it is not enough and may not be desirable to simply open its door even wider. To address a bigger ratio of those finishing upper secondary studies with reassessing the functions of the first cycles of tertiary studies is still one opportunity. Master level programs and further professional specializations may also be adjusted to be more appealing to elder generations. Both of these paths are in the directions of wider European trends and further the fulfillment of Hungarian declarations in the EU. A differentiation of institutional profiles may be strengthened along with these changes as it appears in our roundtable-discussion. It shows also that institutions follow closely the trends of incoming students, with the systematic approach of institutional research in many cases.
- 1. Bevezető, tartalom
- 2. Foreword